DKFZ 8 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
[DKFZ-2021-00314] Journal Article (Review Article)
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Detecting the Dark Matter of Unpublished Clinical Cancer Studies: An Analysis of Phase 3 Randomized Controlled Trials.
Unpublished randomized controlled trial (RCT) frequency, correlates, and financial impact are not well understood. We sought to characterize the nonpublication of peer-reviewed manuscripts among interventional, therapeutic, multi-arm, phase 3 oncology RCTs. [...]
[DKFZ-2020-02161] Journal Article
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Performance Status Restriction in Phase III Cancer Clinical Trials.
Patients with good performance status (PS) tend to be favored in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), possibly limiting the generalizability of trial findings. We aimed to characterize trial-related factors associated with the use of PS eligibility criteria and analyze patient accrual breakdown by PS.Adult, therapeutic, multiarm phase III cancer-specific RCTs were identified through [...]
[DKFZ-2020-01814] Journal Article
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Professional Medical Writer Assistance in Oncology Clinical Trials.
The oncologist 25(11), e1812-e1815 () [ 10.1634/theoncologist.2020-0406]  GO
The use of professional medical writers (PMWs) has been historically low, but contemporary data regarding PMW usage are scarce. In this study, we sought to quantify PMW use in oncologic phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs).We performed a database query through to identify cancer-specific phase III RCTs; we then identified whether a PMW was involved in writing the associated trial manuscript reporting primary endpoint results.Two-hundred sixty trials of 600 (43.3%) used a PMW. [...]
[DKFZ-2020-01498] Journal Article (Review Article)
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Progression-free survival is a suboptimal predictor for overall survival among metastatic solid tumour clinical trials.
The use of overall survival (OS) as the gold standard primary end-point (PEP) in metastatic oncologic randomised controlled trials (RCTs) has declined in favour of progression-free survival (PFS) without a complete understanding of the degree to which PFS reliably predicts for OS.Using, we identified 1239 phase III oncologic RCTs, 260 of which were metastatic solid tumour trials with a superiority-design investigating a therapeutic intervention by using either a PFS or OS PEP. Each individual trial was reviewed to quantify RCT design factors and disease-related outcomes.A total of 172,133 patients were enrolled from the year 1999 to 2015 in RCTs that used PFS (56.2%, 146/260) or OS (43.8%, 114/260) as the PEP. [...]
[DKFZ-2019-01889] Journal Article
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Sex-Based Disparities Among Cancer Clinical Trial Participants.
Sex-Based Disparities Among Cancer Clinical Trial Participants..
[DKFZ-2019-01484] Journal Article
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Lung cancer mortality reduction by LDCT screening - results from the randomised German LUSI trial.
In 2011, the US National Lung Cancer Screening Trial (NLST) reported a 20% reduction of lung cancer mortality after regular screening by low-dose computed tomography (LDCT), as compared to X-ray screening. The introduction of lung cancer screening programs in Europe awaits confirmation of these first findings from European trials that started in parallel with the NLST. [...]

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